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Sunday, 19 May, 2024

Friday, August 18, 2023

Buddhism

Buddhism

Buddhism is a religion and philosophy that originated in India around the 6th century BCE, founded by Siddhartha Gautama, who is commonly known as the Buddha (the "Awakened One"). Buddhism has hundreds of millions of followers, making it one of the world's largest religions.

The fundamental teachings of Buddhism are encapsulated in the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path.

The Four Noble Truths are:

1. The Truth of Suffering (Dukkha): Life is suffering. This includes physical and mental suffering, impermanence, and the concept of self.

2. The Truth of the Origin of Suffering (Samudāya): Suffering is caused by desires and attachments.

3. The Truth of the Cessation of Suffering (Nirodha): Suffering can be ended by attaining dispassion, thus achieving Nirvana (liberation).

4. The Truth of the Path to the Cessation of Suffering (Magga): The path to end suffering is the Eightfold Path.

The Noble Eightfold Path consists of:

1. Right Understanding

2. Right Thought

3. Right Speech

4. Right Action

5. Right Livelihood

6. Right Effort

7. Right Mindfulness

8. Right Concentration

These eight aspects are divided into three categories: wisdom (understanding and thought), ethical conduct (speech, action, livelihood), and concentration (effort, mindfulness, concentration).

Buddhism has evolved into various schools and traditions over time, including Theravada, Mahayana, and Vajrayana, each with its own interpretations and practices.

Theravada Buddhism, prevalent in Southeast Asia, is often considered closer to the original form of Buddhism, focusing on the use of meditation and mindfulness to achieve self-enlightenment.

Mahayana Buddhism, found in East Asia, includes a variety of subsets such as Zen, Pure Land, and Nichiren, among others. It emphasizes the Bodhisattva ideal, the individual who seeks enlightenment to help all sentient beings.

Vajrayana Buddhism, also known as Tantric Buddhism or Esoteric Buddhism, primarily found in Tibet and Mongolia, includes practices and doctrines that are believed to allow individuals to achieve enlightenment in a single lifetime.

Despite the variations, all forms of Buddhism share a focus on personal spiritual development and the quest for enlightenment.

 

THE "REALIST" THEORY OF REALITY

Preamble

Asamskrita

Samsara 

Kamavakara 

Satvari Aryan Satyani

Nirvana 

Preamble

"There is, brothers, a sphere of life where there is neither earth, nor water, nor fire, nor air, nor the sphere of endless space, nor even the sphere of consciousness. Where I tell you there is not really even this world, nor the other world, nor the sphere of infinite space, nor the sphere of infinite consciousness, nor the sphere of the non-existence of anything, nor the sphere where there is neither perception nor non-perception. Such a state, brothers, I will I described it like this: neither coming, nor going, nor standing, nor turning back, nor descending, nor ascending. It is something like unborn, unmade, uncreated, uncomposed: it is the end of suffering". Udana, VIII, I, 1st century B.C.).

Asamskrita

The Ultimate Reality in the Buddhist Teaching ("Asamskrita") can neither be realized as an individual experience, nor determined, nor perceived, felt, or touched. Ultimate Reality can only be perceived by "he" who has "reached" Nirvana (from the negative particle "nir" and the root "va" - to breathe), in the extinguishing of becoming (the processes of evolution). Thus, Ultimate Reality Is Identical with Nirvana. Anyone who has not reached Nirvana experiences a relative reality, a continuous becoming...

So, the Buddhist Teaching accepts that there is One Reality which is the Background of everything. But since it is impossible to determine by someone who does not experience it, he systematically avoids talking about This Reality. What we can talk about is becoming. Nirvana, the extinguishing of becoming, leads to Reality, beyond becoming... Thus, the Supreme Reality must be "perceived" as the Absolute and not as non-existence. 

Samsara 

Samsara

For the Buddhist Teaching the only "real" thing is the evolutionary process. What appears, what is perceived, the phenomenon, is an evolutionary process. "Existence" is an evolutionary process, but so are worlds and individual phenomena, all, are evolutionary processes. "All this" is Samsara.

The evolutionary process is broken down into successive, momentary, states, called " dharma " (from the root "dri", to support, to hold). So, dharmas are the ultimate realities that we can perceive, the first composite of phenomena. So, becoming, the evolutionary process, appears as a flow of these dharmas.

Dharmas are dependent realities, they are the result of previous dharmas and are what predetermine future dharma. All this flow obeys strict laws which can ultimately be reduced to the Law of Universal Causation, "Karma" (from the root " kri ", act). Karma denotes the action but also the result of the action, thus it denotes the responsibility from the action itself and the behavior that is transmitted through time.

Dharmas are momentary and last only a short time. Thus, the only real thing is the flow, the evolutionary process, the becoming. "All that exists is momentary," everything is transitory.

The evolutionary process appears in various forms. As vijnana , conscious process, succession of conscious states, as samskara , mental process, succession of momentary mental states, as samjna , perceptual process, succession of perceptual states, as vedana , sensuous process, succession of sensuous states, as rupa , material, organic process, succession organic structures. It is actually a single process that appears in various forms. There is no essential difference between consciousness and material form, it is the same process at a different frequency. The process appears sometimes as consciousness, sometimes as intellect, sometimes as perception, sometimes as sensation, sometimes as form. But it is always the same process. Thus, becoming constitutes a continuum (through space-times and through local time). "Being" is but a combination of evolutionary processes, streams of dharmas ("skandhas") working harmoniously together.

The Regions of Samsara

Samsara (becoming) is divided into three Regions, "Vakkara" (state of becoming and not an objective, fixed region). The Regions, states, of becoming are: a) The Arupavakara (formless region), the state of the supermental process, the succession of momentary supermental processes. b) The Rupavakara (region with form), the state of the perceptual process, the succession of momentary perceptual states. c) The Kamavakara (region of desire and sense pleasure), the state of material form, the succession of momentary material states.

What we call "being" is actually a becoming, a stream of dharma. In Arupavakara this being is a stream of " formless dharma", Vijnana, consciousness, self-awareness, Samskara, volition, mental imprints that incite desires, Samjna , perception, mental perception. The difference of these dharma categories is very subtle. Being constitutes a presence, an existence, without concrete form, a mental existence.

Arupavakara is divided into Four Heavens, states which are (listed from highest to lowest, the infinity of neither, the infinity of nonbeing, the infinity of thought and the infinity of space): 1) Naivasamjna Samgnyayatana (region where there is neither perception nor non-perception and which actually transcends Arupavakara and extends into the Absolute). 2) Akinchaniyatana (region where consciousness exists within the non-existence of anything). 3) Vigyanananthyatana (region where consciousness exists in the infinite state of consciousness). 4) Akasanandyatana (region where consciousness exists in infinite space).

It is evident that there is a complete correspondence between the states experienced by the being, the level at which the being functions (Vijnana, Samskara, Samjna) and the "heavens".

In Rupavakara, being is mentality (flow of formless dharma) expressed in the realm of 'sense'. A new category of dharma is thus created, ("Vedana", sensibility), a stream of dharma in form, a succession of momentary sensory states. Here the formless dharmas (mindfulness) do not have the same function as in Arupavakara. Their function is adapted to Rupavakara, degraded. Formed dharmas rule. Being here is a mentality which has an inner dimension originating from Arupavakara and an outer activity which brings the 'being' into contact with the world of forms. "Being" is expressed through a subtle body (which is a stream of sensory states structured in such a way that they appear as a form). It is an ethereal being that occupies a certain space, etc.

Rupavakara is divided into Sixteen Heavens arranged in four levels.

It is evident that there is a complete correspondence between the states experienced by the being, the level at which the being functions (Vijnana, Samskara, Samjna adapted to Rupavakara) and the "four levels".

In Kamavakara, being is an ethereal existence that expresses itself in the realm of 'matter'. There is thus created a new category of dharma ("Rupa", body, a becoming of matter structured in such a way as to appear as a solid form), a stream of dharma of material form (a succession of momentary states of matter structured so as to appear as the material body that we know. Here the formless dharmas (intelligence) and the dharmas with form (sensibility) do not have the same function as in the higher realms, their function is adapted to Kamavakara, degraded. The dharmas of material form predominate. Thus the mental functions of "being" in Kamavakara have a higher dimension originating from Arupavakara, an inner dimension originating from Rupavakara, and an external activity which brings "being" into contact with the world of forms.

It also has "sensibility" which has an internal dimension originating from Rupavakara -intuition- and an external activity that assists the intellect in the perception of Kamavakara -sensibility-. In Kamavakara being is ethereal existence expressed through a material, gross body.

Kamavakara is divided into Three Regions, Heaven, earth and the underworld. Heaven is the world of devas. Earth is the world of humans, asuras (demons), pretas (ghosts) and animals. The underworld is the world of hell.

It is evident that there is a complete correspondence between the states experienced by the being, the level at which the being functions (Vijnana, Samskara, Samjna adapted to Kamavakara) and the "three regions".

Life in Samsara

Becoming is a flow, a succession of momentary states and constitutes a continuum... Essentially there is no difference between mentality, sensibility, or biological becoming. These are different states of becoming, becoming is a continuum. Being is a becoming, a stream of momentary states. It is within the space of becoming, in one of three states of becoming. When the being, in a certain Region, closes the circle of its evolution (life) dissolution of the synthesis occurs (death). As long as the being, during his "life" reached a transcendence of becoming, an erasure of the dharma of the Region of becoming in which he was evolving, then the being is liberated and after death passes to a higher state of existence. But since the being during life remained within becoming (absorbed in the continuous succession of dharmas of the Region of becoming in which it was evolving) then the being after death is not freed to pass to a higher state of existence but under the pressure of attachments remains a "core of becoming" that leads sooner or later to a new synthesis of dharma within the Precinct of becoming that was evolving in the being's previous life, into a new incarnation. Thus, the being moves within becoming, in the Regions of becoming. It is a continuous current that passes from existence to existence, without stopping.

We must note that the previous development (life) within a state of becoming and the subsequent development (life) within the same state of becoming although they are a continuum yet seem to be different. It is actually a new dharma synthesis but its structure is entirely dependent on the existence that preceded it. This is precisely where the operation of Karma, the Law of Causation, can be seen. Being is a continuous stream that passes from life to life without stopping. This is the cycle of reincarnation. The being disappears here, appears there, all the time. This evolution strictly obeys the Law of Karma. Whatever is the action, that is the result. Thus, the being by evolution creates itself. Each being bears full responsibility for its evolution. Beings act according to the Law of Karma. No being can escape the wheel of evolution. The only way out is liberation.

Thus, beings are trapped within becoming, in the three Realms of becoming. Therefore, a being, on his way, has to overcome three stages (corresponding to the three Regions of becoming) until final liberation. The Nirvana attained by the total extinction of all becoming is the True Nirvana.

Kamavakara

The moment a being begins its existence within Kamavakara it is already the result of a previous becoming. The fact that this being tends to manifest in Kamavakara means that there is already a tendency, an impulse, within him which leads him to manifest in Kamavakara. It is mentality (in the Rupavakara Region) oriented towards the material world (an accumulation of mental impressions entered by perception and related to the material world), with sense memories, which feels the need to manifest again through material dharma texture, through a body.

The being that manifests in Kamavakara is a new, complete, synthesis of all these dharmas , a flow of these dharmas : Vijnana, Samskara, Samjna (these three constitute the mentality that has a higher dimension originating from Arupavakara, an inner dimension which originates from Rupavakara and an external activity which brings the “being” into contact with the world of forms), Vedana (sensibility which has an inner dimension which originates from Rupavakara and an external activity which brings the 'being' into contact with the world of forms), Rupa (body, biological becoming). The relationship between these categories of dharma is clearly defined. Mindfulness is self-awareness that uses sensibility and the body as a vehicle within Kamavakara.

Thus the “being” in Kamavakara can (and does) experience the following activities, states.

1) Nirvana

2) Four higher states, Naivasamjna-Samjnyayatana, Akinchanyayatana, Vijnananandiyatana and Akasanandiyatana.

3) Three mental states, vijnana, samskara, samjna, which have an internal function and an external activity.

4) The activity of the senses, ventana, which has an internal function and an external activity.

5) An external material activity, rupa.

The being as a whole act, evolves, moves through life. Nirvana (in Kamavakara) means the transcendence of becoming in Kamavakara. Transcending biological becoming means transcending attachment to the body and material things. The transcendence of sensuous -motor becoming means the transcendence of passions, obsessive desires, etc. The transcendence of mental becoming has three stages with three degrees each. The external mentality connected with sensibility (three levels) must first be overcome. Then the inner processes must be overcome (three stages of dyana and a fourth stage which has the character of harvest and demarcates the passage to a higher state). Finally, there is still a more inner process (three higher states and a fourth which is Nirvana). Nirvana (in Kamavakara) means the passage beyond all becoming. It is not the realization of some state. There is no perception that a state has been realized because as long as there is any perception of a realization the being is still in becoming and has not passed beyond.

When the being reaches Nirvana, beyond all becoming, then it is freed from the life in Kamavakara and when death occurs (when the causes that created this life are exhausted) then the being is freed and does not return to Kamavakara, it goes to a higher state of existence, in Rypavakara.

We must note that Nirvana in Kamavakara is not itself the Absolute. What has been eliminated is the becoming in Kamavakara, the causes that would lead to a new incarnation within Kamavakara have been eliminated. Nirvana in Kamavakara although it is the Absolute in relation to becoming in Kamavakara and cannot be defined in mental terms yet is a state of being (in Rupavakara), a becoming in a higher dimension. There is intelligence of another kind and sensibility as a carrier in this new state of being. Thus Nirvana in Kamavakara is common existence in a higher state of existence (in Rupavakara).

When the being does not achieve Nirvana, it remains in becoming and is condemned (according to the Law of Karma) after death to return to Kamavakara.

All this course of being into becoming (in the Kamavakara) is described in Buddhist grammar in the "theory of the dependent arising of phenomena (" Pratiya Samutpada”) or “chain of the Twelve Causes” (“Nidana”) as follows:

(Previous life)

1) Avidya (ignorance, non-liberation, abiding in becoming) creates samskaras (mental impressions, remnants of previous becoming).

2) Samskaras create vijnana (consciousness, initial mental core that will form the basis of new becoming)

(Present Life)

3) Vijnana creates namarupa (name and form, composition of the various categories of dharma – vijnana, samskara, samjn , vedana, rupa ).

4) Namarupa creates the santayatanas (sense organs, through which the being comes into contact with the world).

5) Sandayatanas create sparsa (contact, between the being and the world).

6) The sparsa ventana (sensation, the concrete fact of sensation) is created.

7) Ventana creates trisna (thirst for life, in Kamavakara).

8) Trisna creates upadhana (attachment to life, intense thirst, conquest of the sense world, compared to flame consuming fuel).

9) Upadhana creates the bhava (future, the karma produced during the lifetime in Kamavakara, the samskaras that will cause a new life in Kamavakara ).

10) Bhava creates jati (birth, a new becoming within Kamavakara).

(Future Life)

11) Jati creates sbamarana (old age, a new existence accompanied by all the characteristics of existence in Kamavakara, decay, pain, etc.).

12) Sambarana is a new link in the chain of Samsara.

Satwari Aryan Satyani

The Four Noble Truths

Being is a becoming, passing from life to life within Kamavakara without stopping. There is nothing fixed, nothing eternal, everything is transitory, an incessant flow of states. And it is precisely this Transience that causes suffering (dukkha). " Sarvam dukham, sarvam anityam » (all is suffering, all is transitory). Thus, the whole of existence, the very becoming in every moment of it is suffering. Staying in becoming, obsessing over becoming, is called " trisna " (thirst for life in Kamavakara). As long as this thirst exists, becoming is fed and the journey continues. Therefore it is the thirst for life in Kamavakara that keeps the being bound in becoming, in constant rebirth within Kamavakara.

Buddha himself formulating the Four Noble Truths (Satvari Aryan Satyani ) identified:

1) With the First Truth is becoming and the suffering of becoming.

2) With the Second Truth the cause of becoming which is the obsession with becoming (the thirst for life in Kamavakara).

3) With the Third Truth the elimination of becoming

4) With the Fourth Truth the Atrapos for Nirvana which is exactly:

a) the perception of becoming, suffering,

b) the awareness of the cause of becoming,

c) the elimination of becoming

d) Nirvana

The road leading to Nirvana is known as “Arya Ashtanga Marga” (Noble Eightfold Atrapos) and includes:

Samyak dristi (right perception),

Samyak sankalpa (right decision),

Samyak wak (proper speech),

Samyak karmanda (right conduct),

Samyak ajiva (right living),

Samyak vinyama (right effort),

Samyak smriti (right thinking),

Samyak Samadhi (right meditation, perfect concentration of consciousness).

In particular the Path that leads to Nirvana, to Reality, has Three Stages.

The First Stage is called Prajna (Knowledge) and includes Right Perception and Right Disposition. By entering the Sangha (Buddhist Brotherhood) man has already taken a step beyond the world: he renounces all material things to march towards Nirvana. This renunciation is not a formal, external, abstinence: it is an internal detachment, an erasure of all interest in material things. This is the Stage of destruction of material dharmas (rupa): what is implied here is the destruction of attachment to material dharmas , their neutralization (material dharmas will continue to exist until the causes that caused them disappear, i.e. until the death of the material body ). This is a Preliminary Stage and is not yet the Main Exercise.

The Second Stage is called Sila (Morality) and includes Right Speech, Right Conduct, Right Living. Before the Buddhist can actually enter Atrapo he needs to go through a Stage of Inner Perfection, ridding himself of the various passions that are obstacles to Atrapo. He must listen to what is called the Panka Sila (Fivefold Discipline) which consists of five prohibitions: not to kill, not to steal, not to have intercourse with another person, not to lie, not to drink alcohol. These are the main prohibitions but it is implied that all passions must be eliminated. This purification from the passions should not be a simple, external, abstinence but an internal attitude. This is the Stage of destruction of form dharmas ( vedana): implied here is the destruction of attachment to form dharmas , their neutralization (the Buddhist feels everything but is no longer attached).

The Third Stage is called Samadhi (Theory) and includes Right Effort, Right Thought, Right Concentration (Samadhi). The Real Journey to Nirvana begins with Entering the Third Stage. This is the Stage of destruction of formless dharmas (samjna, samskara, vijnana ): the destruction of attachment to these dharmas , their neutralization, is implied here. Realization here is not to be understood as a spiritual evolution but as a progressive destruction of becoming.

Right Endeavor corresponds to the Experiencing of the First Noble Truth (perception of becoming, suffering), to the destruction of the external activity of mentality and has four levels, three levels corresponding to the destruction of the external activity of samjna, samskara, vijnana and a fourth level which is the harvest of all effort and marks the passage to the higher state.

Right Thought corresponds to the Experiencing the Second Noble Truth (awareness of the cause of being), to the destruction of the inner activity of mentality and has four stages corresponding to the destruction of the inner activity of samjna, samskara, vijnana and the harvest of all effort which signifies the passage to the higher state. The technical term used in Buddhist Teaching for Practice at this stage is “Rupa Dhyana”. The term is translated as Meditation, but the word is not exactly the same and needs clarification. Rupa Dhyana therefore means for the Buddhists the destruction of the inner activity of the mind. There are Three Stages of Rupa Dhyana and together with the Stage of Realization they form the Four Stages of Realization at this stage.

The four Dhyana Rupas in detail:

1) Elimination of samjna, the perception of the external world.

2) Elimination of samskara, the intellect whose object is external phenomena.

3) Elimination of vijnana, consciousness, individual existence, ego that is limited in space, in the body.

4) When vijnana is eliminated, we reach a state where consciousness transcends the limits of space (the body) and expands to infinity, throughout space.

Right Concentration corresponds to the Experiencing of the Third Noble Truth (elimination of becoming), the destruction of the higher activity of the mind and has four stages corresponding to the destruction of the higher activity of samjna, samskara, vijnana and the harvesting of all effort which marks the passage in the superior state. The technical term used in Buddhist Teaching for Practice at this stage is " Arupa Dhyana » or Samapatti (achievements) - formless meditations. Arupa Dhyana or Samapatti it means the destruction of the higher activity of the mind. There are Three Ranks of Arupa Dhyana or Samapatti and together with the Stage of Realization constitute the Four Stages of Realization at this stage.

The four Arupas in detail Dhyana or Samapatti:

1) Akasa-nadi-ayatana (Region of infinite space, region where consciousness exists in infinite space). Consciousness (though it locates itself, as a center, in a space) extends throughout space, is a wider, higher ego. (There is a distinction between consciousness and environment, between subject and object). This conception of a center related to the inner workings of samjna must be overcome.

2) Vijnana-nadi-ayatana (Region of infinite consciousness, region where consciousness exists in the infinite state of consciousness). Consciousness rejects the perception of a center, it can be anywhere, throughout space - thus creating the perception that consciousness is infinite. (There is no longer a distinction between consciousness and environment, between subject and object). This achievement is related to overcoming the inner workings of samskara.

3) Akinchani-ayatana (Region of non-existence, region where consciousness exists within the non-existence of anything). Consciousness cannot attribute to its existence any idiom. Consciousness realizes that its existence is empty. Existence is “non-existence”, on the relative side. This achievement is related to overcoming the inner workings of vijnana.

4) Naivasamjna-Samjni-ayatana (Region of neither perception nor non-perception, region where there is neither perception nor non-perception). By overcoming the inner workings of vijnana, we reach a state where any process of existence is absent. This is Nirvana

Actually, the attainment of the fourth samapatti corresponds to a State beyond relative existence, it is Asamskrita.

Of course, in Buddhist Dhyana, Asana, Meditation Posture and other external elements are used, but the Essence of Dhyana consists of "internal transformation" and that is what is of interest here. Besides, Diana is not something that can enter time. When we enter Atrapos, we practice Dhyana all the time, whatever we do and not just the hours we sit in Asana: Dhyana is continuous. In this sense it must be understood. Because as we have already said, the Essence of Dhyana is the Experiencing Noble Truths and when we experience something we experience it continuously and not at certain times: Thus, all time is Dhyana and we cannot divide time into hours of Dhyana and hours when we do not practice Dhyana.

Harvesting the fruit of all effort is Nirvana. We must note that when we speak of Realization of the Three Truths, we do not mean the mental conception of these Truths at all but the Realization of what the words imply, in essence the "transcendence of becoming": it is an experience).

The transcendental evolution of being

The man who performed the First Samapatti is in the First Rank of the Atrapu of the Nobles (Arya Marga): on the Stage of Srotopana (one who has "entered the stream" to cross over to the other bank, to Nirvana).

The man who has Performed the Second Samapatti is in the Second Stage of the Atrapu of the Noble Ones: the Stage of Sakritagamin (one who will return only once more to Kamavakara).

The man who has Realized the Third Samapatti is in the Third Stage of the Atrapu of the Noble Ones: the Stage of the Anagamin (the one who does not return, who lives his last incarnation in Kamavakara and is not bound to return to Kamavakara).

He who has succeeded in realizing the Fourth Samapatti, Nirvana ( Bodhi ), attaining the Stage of Arhat , is completely free from the cycle of birth and death within the Kamavakara .. To such a person (a Buddha) opens the prospect of a of higher development in the invisible worlds. But he can renounce this higher evolution and willingly continue to incarnate within the Kamavakara, completely free. This second path is the path of the Bodhisattva, one who refuses higher evolution and remains within Kamavakara to help Kamavakara 's creatures. We must note that what moves such a free being is not mere desire or compassion. Such a being has realized freedom, and it is through this new perception of Reality that he has realized that he moves in all that he does. It cannot therefore be judged by the standards of the common man.

He who continues his evolution in higher worlds passes to Rupavakara. Rupavakara beings (ethereal beings) evolve in a manner analogous to that of Kamavakara. He who evolves in Atrapo passes here also Four Stages of Realization and is also freed from Rupavakara. Goes to Arupavakara.

Here too the beings (mental entities) evolve in a manner analogous to that of the two lower worlds. He who evolves into Way passes here also Four Stages of Realization and is also freed from Arupavakara and sinks into the "Ultimate Nirvana". "He" who has realized Ultimate Nirvana is no longer an entity but the Absolute Himself who assimilates into Bodhi the Self the Absolute and Self-Deception, completely Free, Unbound.

But talking about higher worlds is already meaningless: We must realize the Truth in Kamavakara. That's what matters. The higher perspective is beyond the powers of the common man. That is why any reference to higher worlds is usually avoided since they are outside the perspective of evolution of the common man.

Nirvana

According to the "Teaching of Buddhism" There is One Underlying Fundamental Reality which is "revealed" when "becoming" is exhausted. It manifests as Supreme Reality, as Supreme Truth, more real than the immediately existing which although real is transitory and painful.

The Real Nature of This Reality Is Emptiness. The Void is not defined (and thus "seems" as if it does not exist). What appears (definable, existent, objective) when analyzed in its determinations cannot finally "hold" the perception, it is nothing more than a phenomenon.

Ultimately there is only One Reality. This Reality Eternal, Unchangeable in Its Nature, Indeterminate in Its Essence, Emptiness, is the Only Reality. What appears are actions, processes, phenomena that arise spontaneously from nothingness and again disappear into nothingness.

The One and Only Reality is Pure Bodhi It is not born, it is not lost, it is not realized. It is the Nature of everything and everything. Bodhi is the One and Only Reality. There is no difference between rest and activity. All activities, phenomena that arise and disappear completely naturally do not alter the Bodhi Nature.

 ...

Ελληνικά:

Βουδισμός

https://www.wholeness.gr/2022/04/blog-post_17.html 


 


 


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Our Prayer

The Path Within

 

O Cosmos, we stand at the precipice of the Absolute, gazing into the void of the Unknown. We search for a way to transcend the bounds of thought and ego, to experience the essence of our deepest being.

The Buddha, the Masters of the East Upanishads, Orpheus, Jesus – all these wise beings have pointed us towards the Path. But it is not a path that is external, not a journey that can be traversed by the feet. It is a path that lies within, a journey that must be undertaken by the heart and the mind.

We must let go of the external orientations that nurture and educate us, that direct us towards other goals. We must look inward, to the stillness and silence that resides within. We must listen to the whispers of our soul, to the voice that speaks of the Absolute.

Krishnamurti and other modern Sages have shown us that it is possible to experience the Absolute, to transcend the limitations of thought and ego. They have shown us that it is not a mystery, not a miracle, but a possibility that lies within our human nature.

So let us embark on this journey, this Path that few follow. Let us let go of the burdens that weigh us down, the attachments that bind us. Let us embrace the unknown, the uncertainty, the chaos that lies within.

For in the depths of the Absolute, we will find the stillness and peace that we seek. We will find the answers to the questions that have plagued us for centuries. We will find the Truth that lies within.

Let us be brave, let us be bold, let us be fearless. Let us take the step into the void, into the unknown. For it is there that we will find the Absolute, the essence of our being. It is there that we will find our true nature, our true self.

May we be guided on this journey by the wise words of the Sages, by the light of the Absolute that shines within us. May we find the strength and courage to let go of the old, to embrace the new. May we find the peace and stillness that we seek, the Truth that lies within.

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Glimpses of the Absolute

 

Within each of us lies the potential to transcend the limitations of ordinary mind and experience a deeper reality - what some traditions call the Absolute, the Ground of Being, or God. While this state of unity or peak experience has often been considered the domain solely of mystics and saints, the truth is that the capacity dwells dormant in every human soul. It is our essential nature, awaiting discovery through disciplined inner work.

All genuine spiritual paths point to the same destination, though using different languages and methods. At their core, they offer a process of liberation from identification with separate ego and gradual awakening to our intrinsic divine essence. This involves cultivating noble virtues, practicing presence of mind through meditation, and cultivating wisdom through inquiry into the nature of reality and self.

Over time, such disciplines help peel away layers of superficial conditioning to reveal our true blissful and peaceful self - one with the fundamental pure consciousness that underlies all forms. In that state of inward stillness and clarity, the usual boundaries between subject and object fall away. One perceives directly that all is contained within the one infinite life and knows directly one's identity with the eternal. Though ineffable, this realization brings transcendent peace, love, creativity and compassion.

While glimpses of the Absolute may come through grace to anyone at any time, consistent experience depends on committed effort. The seeker must firmly resolve to strip away all that obscures their true nature like the proverbial onion, layer by layer. With patient practice of presence and purification, the trappings of small self dissolve, and one may abide as peaceful, blissful awareness itself - fully awake in every moment to life's deepest meaning. Then daily living becomes worship, and ordinary reality is transfigured by love, joy, wisdom and service. This is the fruit of following the perennial path with heart and will - a taste of our shared spiritual potential.

 

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Quotes

Constantinos’s quotes


"A "Soul" that out of ignorance keeps making mistakes is like a wounded bird with helpless wings that cannot fly high in the sky."— Constantinos Prokopiou

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...

CHAPTER III

 

QUIETING PEOPLE

Neglecting to praise the worthy deters people from emulating them; just as not prizing rare treasures deters a man from becoming a thief; or ignoring the things which awaken desire keeps the heart at rest.

Therefore, the wise ruler does not suggest unnecessary things, but seeks to satisfy the minds of his people. He seeks to allay appetites but strengthen bones. He ever tries by keeping people in ignorance to keep them satisfied and those who have knowledge he restrains from evil. If he, himself, practices restraint then everything is in quietness.

...

Quieting People

Neglecting to praise the worthy:

Neglecting to acknowledge and praise individuals who deserve recognition can discourage others from emulating their positive qualities.

Just as not appreciating rare treasures deters a person from engaging in theft, the absence of recognition can hinder the development of desirable traits in others.

By recognizing and praising the worthy, we can inspire others to strive for excellence.

Ignoring the things that awaken desire:

When we disregard or ignore the things that evoke desire, we can maintain a sense of contentment and inner peace.

By not constantly seeking external stimuli, we can cultivate a state of tranquility within ourselves.

This approach allows us to find satisfaction in what we already have, rather than constantly chasing after new desires.

The wise ruler's approach:

A wise ruler understands the importance of satisfying the minds of the people they govern.

They do not unnecessarily burden their subjects with irrelevant information or demands.

Instead, they focus on allaying appetites and reinforcing the overall well-being of their people.

The wise ruler restrains those with knowledge from engaging in harmful actions and promotes a culture of restraint and tranquility.

The benefits of quietness:

When individuals practice restraint and embrace a state of quietness, harmony and peace prevail.

By prioritizing calmness and self-control, both on an individual and societal level, conflicts can be minimized.

The pursuit of quietness allows for personal growth, contentment, and a more harmonious coexistence.

Embracing quietness

Quieting people involves recognizing the worthy, ignoring unnecessary desires, and fostering a state of tranquility. The wise ruler seeks to satisfy the minds of their people by allaying appetites and promoting restraint. By embracing quietness, individuals can experience personal growth and contribute to a more peaceful society. Remember to appreciate the positive qualities in others, find contentment in the present, and practice self-restraint for a harmonious existence.

 

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Meditation Music

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Δικαιώματα πνευματικής ιδιοκτησίας

Το σύνολο του περιεχομένου του Δικτυακού μας τόπου, συμπεριλαμβανομένων, ενδεικτικά αλλά όχι περιοριστικά, των κειμένων, ειδήσεων, γραφικών, φωτογραφιών, σχεδιαγραμμάτων, απεικονίσεων, παρεχόμενων υπηρεσιών και γενικά κάθε είδους αρχείων, αποτελεί αντικείμενο πνευματικής ιδιοκτησίας (copyright) και διέπεται από τις εθνικές και διεθνείς διατάξεις περί Πνευματικής Ιδιοκτησίας, με εξαίρεση τα ρητώς αναγνωρισμένα δικαιώματα τρίτων.

Συνεπώς, απαγορεύεται ρητά η αναπαραγωγή, αναδημοσίευση, αντιγραφή, αποθήκευση, πώληση, μετάδοση, διανομή, έκδοση, εκτέλεση, «λήψη» (download), μετάφραση, τροποποίηση με οποιονδήποτε τρόπο, τμηματικά η περιληπτικά χωρίς τη ρητή προηγούμενη έγγραφη συναίνεση του Ιδρύματος. Γίνεται γνωστό ότι σε περίπτωση κατά την οποία το Ίδρυμα συναινέσει, ο αιτών υποχρεούται για την ρητή παραπομπή μέσω συνδέσμων (hyperlinks) στο σχετικό περιεχόμενο του Δικτυακού τόπου του Ιδρύματος. Η υποχρέωση αυτή του αιτούντος υφίσταται ακόμα και αν δεν αναγραφεί ρητά στην έγγραφη συναίνεση του Ιδρύματος.

Κατ’ εξαίρεση, επιτρέπεται η μεμονωμένη αποθήκευση και αντιγραφή τμημάτων του περιεχομένου σε απλό προσωπικό υπολογιστή για αυστηρά προσωπική χρήση (ιδιωτική μελέτη ή έρευνα, εκπαιδευτικούς σκοπούς), χωρίς πρόθεση εμπορικής ή άλλης εκμετάλλευσης και πάντα υπό την προϋπόθεση της αναγραφής της πηγής προέλευσής του, χωρίς αυτό να σημαίνει καθ’ οιονδήποτε τρόπο παραχώρηση δικαιωμάτων πνευματικής ιδιοκτησίας.

Επίσης, επιτρέπεται η αναδημοσίευση υλικού για λόγους προβολής των γεγονότων και δραστηριοτήτων του Ιδρύματος, με την προϋπόθεση ότι θα αναφέρεται η πηγή και δεν θα θίγονται δικαιώματα πνευματικής ιδιοκτησίας, δεν θα τροποποιούνται, αλλοιώνονται ή διαγράφονται εμπορικά σήματα.

Ό,τι άλλο περιλαμβάνεται στις ηλεκτρονικές σελίδες του Δικτυακού μας τόπου και αποτελεί κατοχυρωμένα σήματα και προϊόντα πνευματικής ιδιοκτησίας τρίτων ανάγεται στη δική τους σφαίρα ευθύνης και ουδόλως έχει να κάνει με τον Δικτυακό τόπο του Ιδρύματος.

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