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Wednesday, 27 September, 2023

Friday, August 11, 2023

Samkhya Yoga


Samkhya Yoga

Samkhya Yoga is one of the six Āstika schools of Hindu philosophy. It is most related to the Yoga school of Hinduism, and it is a dualistic philosophy that describes the universe as consisting of two realities: puruṣa (consciousness) and prakṛti (matter). These two realities coexist and work together, but are fundamentally distinct.

The term "Samkhya" is derived from the Sanskrit word "samkhya" which means "number", "count", "measure", or "calculation", and this school of philosophy is known for its systematic enumeration and logical examination of the various components of reality.

Here are the key elements of Samkhya philosophy:

1. Dualism: The core belief of Samkhya is that there are two fundamental realities in the universe, puruṣa (consciousness) and prakṛti (matter). Puruṣa is the eternal, unchangeable, impassive observer, while prakṛti is the source of all material existence, including the mind and senses.

2. Prakṛti and its Evolutes: Prakṛti evolves into various forms and functions. The first evolute of prakṛti is the Mahat or Buddhi (intelligence), which is followed by Ahamkara (ego), Manas (mind), the five buddhindriyas (sensory organs), the five karmendriyas (action organs), and the five tanmatras (subtle elements), which finally manifest as the five mahabhutas (gross physical elements).

3. The Goal of Liberation: Samkhya philosophy posits that the ultimate goal of life is to achieve liberation (moksha) from the cycle of birth and death. This is achieved when the puruṣa realizes its distinction from prakṛti and ceases to identify with the material world.

4. Knowledge as the Means of Liberation: Knowledge is considered the only means to achieve liberation in Samkhya philosophy. By understanding the true nature of puruṣa and prakṛti, one can break free from the cycle of birth and death.

5. Atheistic Viewpoint: Unlike many other Hindu philosophies, Samkhya does not assert the existence of God. It is essentially atheistic, with the focus being on the individual's realization of their own spiritual nature.


While the philosophy of Samkhya is closely related to the practice of Yoga, they are distinct. Yoga, as described in Patanjali's Yoga Sutras, incorporates the philosophical insights of Samkhya but adds a practical path of meditation and ethical conduct to achieve liberation. The two schools have been so closely associated historically that they are often considered together as Samkhya-Yoga.





Ashtanga Yoga




Purusha Is Eternal Reality, without attributes. Pure Consciousness, Autonomous, Free and at the same time Unlimited Perception that grasps anything "objective", without actually being bound. The Purusha is characterized in the scriptures as Nirgunatvat (without attributes), Nirsidharma (without “intelligence”), Asang (unbound, free), drast (“viewer”, absolute consciousness, vision par excellence).

Prakriti is the Energy underlying all phenomena, which transforms into intelligence, energy, matter.

Purusha, without qualities, unlimited perception, is connected with Prakriti, perceives Prakriti and its transformations. At the same time Prakriti under the influence of Purusha is transformed producing the world of phenomena. This relationship, correspondence is called yogayata



Before creation, Purusha and Prakriti are independent. Prakriti is at rest as the forces governing it (gunas) are in perfect balance. It is an Energy without properties, "formless". This state is called avyakta. At the beginning of creation (at its inception) the Purusha that "connects" with Prakriti perceives Prakriti in this state of equilibrium, as energy without qualities while Prakriti "reflects" exactly the Purusha. Thus, Energy undergoes its first transformation, becoming Mahat, pure intelligence. This "movement" is called vyakta. From this transformation will progressively arise all states of energy, forms of becoming, creation.

Already, from the moment Prakriti passed from the original state of perfect balance (the state where it was without qualities) to the state of intelligence, the forces within Prakriti were disturbed and the Energy began to transform. It entered a flow of evolution, of activating the potentials that already existed in Prakriti, in a phase in which it is now being pushed to develop all that exists in potential. This evolution of Prakriti is called parinama.

In this phase of evolution, there is no longer a balance of forces within Prakriti. Some moments, dynamisms, forces appear, which prompt movement, transformation. The transformation of Prakriti takes place according to these moments, forces. The principles of this development are called gunas and they are:

a) sattva, the principle of balance that manifests itself (in whatever cosmic field or level we refer to) as purity, tranquility (pure intelligence, pure sensation, will, pure action of matter).

b) rajas, the principle of action (disturbance of balance) which manifests itself as potency, activity (activity of intelligence, activity of sense, activity of matter).

c) tamas, the principle of static inertia (resistance to action) that manifests as slowing down and dissolution (mental vagueness, sensual confusion).

The three gunas appear as a "spectrum of activity" in which we distinguish three sub-regions. The transition from one area of the activity spectrum to another is gradual and smooth. When sattva increases excessively (upward) we move into a "superior" state. When tamas increases excessively (downward) we pass into a "lower quality" state. The state, which is a field of activity, a space of manifestation, of existence is called Vikara .

Thus, when within the Mahat ( vikara ) which is a homogeneous field, sattva predominates the Mahat "reflects" the Purusha as an indeterminate state without qualities. When rajas dominates, the perception of a universal consciousness is created. When tamas prevails then the perception of a wider consciousness that spreads throughout space prevails.

When within the Mahat the tamas increases excessively (downward) we pass into a qualitatively inferior state which is the sphere of individualization of the Mahat, the Andahkarana (vicara), which is a field of multiplicity. Depending on which force (sattva, rajas, tamas) prevails, the functions of Buddhi, Ahamkara, Manas are manifested (the transformations of intelligence are called vrittis and depending on which force from sattva, rajas, tamas, predominates is correspondingly prakhya pravritti, stitti).

When inside the Andahkarana vicariously tamas increases excessively (downwards) we pass into the realm of Prana (etheric energy). Depending on which force (sattva, rajas, tamas) prevails the jnana functions are manifested intrigue, karma intrigue and tanmatra.

When in Prana vicariously tamas increases excessively (downward) we pass into the realm of Akasa , the material universe. Depending on which force (sattva, rajas, tamas) prevails, the elements Akasa (ether, space, space), mahabuta (air, fire, water, earth) and the various material bodies are manifested.

Thus, Prakriti is transformed according to its impulses and all states, forms of becoming are produced. Various fields of manifestation called vicars are thus created. The entire creation is the product of an initial energy that progressively produces intelligence, force, matter. In the higher fields of activity there is no distinction between subject and object. In the lower fields of activity, however, there is a distinction of subject object. However, since in reality everything comes from one energy and is of the same texture, we should not be surprised by the fact that in the cosmology of Samkya Yoga, subjective and objective elements are mentioned without distinction (objective does not have the meaning of independent).

The Evolution of Prakriti (parinama) follows certain laws which lead through a definite path to a definite end. Creation is a cyclical phenomenon and ends after the passage of a huge period of time again in the restoration of the balance of forces within Prakriti and in the dissolution of all transformations of Prakriti, all forms of becoming. This state is known as Mahapralaya.


Purusha Is Undifferentiated Reality, without attributes, Pure Consciousness. This is His Natural State. The State of Absolute Freedom, Isolation from everything else (Prakriti). This State is called Vidya.

When the Purusha "connects" with Prakriti he "observes" the cosmic energy and its transformations. At the same time Prakriti comes to life. As qualityless (formless) energy it reflects the Purusha and becomes intelligence. When the Purusha concentrates completely on Prakriti , when He gives His "whole attention" to it, it becomes pure receptivity, absorbed in the object, only the object exists. It is precisely because of this continued connection with the Purusha that Prakriti is impelled to a further movement and development. The state where the Purusha absorbed in the formations of Prakriti is called avidya.

Thus, the Purusha has the experience of Prakriti, its transformations. It forms the perception of an individual existence (asmita), an individual life and evolution. As long as the Purusha remains in the state of avidya and continues to observe, to be absorbed in Prakriti and its transformations and thereby "support" Prakriti and its transformations (which precisely because of this continued support transforms and produces new forms of becoming, new states, subjective and objective phenomena) there is still this individual existence within Prakriti, in its various fields. The Purusha observes and watches this individual existence in its course through evolution, through creation, through the various cosmic fields, from life to life, until it comes to realize that all these are only transformations of Prakriti something extraneous, so it ceases to be absorbed in all this he comes to His Real State. This path is called samsara (where only Prakriti transforms and passes from life to life) and Liberation, or Independence, is called Kaivalgya. Within "creation" everything evolves according to the law of karma, the law of universal causation. According to this law the path in evolution is determined by our own action. The present state depends on the past action, while the present action prepares the future existence. 

Ashtanga Yoga

Purusha Is Undifferentiated Reality, without attributes. As long as the Purusha concentrates on Prakriti and gives all His attention to the transformations, He is absorbed in individual existence, its functions (Buddhi, Ahamkara, Manas), its energies (Prana), its states (Akasha, material body), the various secular fields. The Real State of the Purusha is the Undifferentiated state of Kaivalya (Independence, Isolation) and not its connection with Prakriti, His absorption in her transformations. In order for the Purusha to reach His Real State, in whatever cosmic field he may be at the present stage, he must cease to be absorbed in the transformations of Prakriti.

In the material world the Practice leading to Liberation is called Ashtanga Yoga and includes several stages. These stages are:

1) Kaivalya in the material realm, Isolation, cut off from prakriti in the material realm, from all transformation.

2) Asambrajnata Samadhi, Control of Mahat (three varieties of intelligence).

3) Three Varieties of Sambrajnata Samadi:

1) Asmitas Samadhi Control of Buddhi (Elimination of egoic intelligence, of transformations of consciousness).

2) Ananda Samadhi, Control of Ahamkara (Neutralization of mental processes, thinking, etc.).

3) Four varieties of Samadhi, nirvisara, savisara, nirvitarka, savitarka). Control of Manas (Elimination of perceptual processes through concentration on a single point).

4) Control of the Sense, through Pratyahara and Pranayama.

5) Control of the Body through Asana, Niyama (Conformations) and Yama (Renunciations), that is, through actions to be followed and actions to be rejected.

It is understood that depending on the evolution of individual existence the Purusha will start from the stage he is at the given moment. When Purusha attains Kaivalya (mukti) he is a jivan mukti (living liberated). He can use Prakriti, the transformations, without binding anymore.



The Purusha, through the Practice of Yoga, transcends becoming in the material realm (in its various levels of manifestation, the material, the perceptual, the mental, the universal). By exercise it brings the chitta into a state of "amorphism" without transformations. And so, it ceases to be identified with the transformations of the chitta, since there are no more transformations. As the mental impressions that maintain the perception of an individual existence (in the material realm) also disappear, the Purusha is freed forever from "individual existence in the material realm". The main characteristic then of this state of Kaivalgia, is that the Purusha realizes the Real Being, the True Self, which is completely distinct from becoming in the material realm, ceases to be identified with any existence in the material realm. The Purusha now perceives its existence as Something Infinitely Wider than a material existence, than an existence limited to the limits of the material world. It has a perception of an existence in a space wider than the material realm. It is evident that in this State it is still attached to material existence (until the causes which produced it are exhausted) and can now use the lower transformations without being drawn into an identification and without attachment.





Our Prayer

In the Kingdom of the Real


In the realm of the Kingdom of the Real, where the boundaries of consciousness dissolve and the oneness of existence prevails, I offer a prayer, a sacred invocation to the depths of the universe:


Oh, Divine Mystery, eternal and boundless,

In the silence of my being, I seek your presence,

A presence that transcends the illusions of duality,

Guide me to the truth of oneness, the essence of reality.


In this journey of awakening, I surrender my limitations,

As I abandon the trappings of the subjective self,

May my perception be cleansed, my understanding expanded,

Reveal to me the inner realms, the depths of existence untapped.


Grant me the grace to perceive beyond the veils of ignorance,

To witness the light of understanding that dispels the darkness,

In this unfoldment of consciousness, let me behold the unity,

The interconnectedness of all beings, an eternal tapestry.


For within this expansive perception, I recognize the sacredness,

Of every personal expression, every manifestation in form,

The body becomes a vessel, a temple of divine manifestation,

A conduit for the universal life to flow and transform.


As I deepen my connection with the universal life force,

I realize the impermanence of the external world's allure,

The true essence lies in the oneness that pervades all existence,

In this realization, I embark on the journey to the inner pure.


In the inner world, perception transcends its former limitations,

Becoming a mirror, reflecting reality with pristine purity,

In this state of stillness, I commune with the divine depth,

Experiencing the fullness of awakening, a profound unity.


Oh, Living Mystery, the source of all creation,

In this sacred union, I dissolve into your divine embrace,

Beyond the realms of perception, existence transcended,

I merge with the eternal truth, the boundless cosmic grace.


May the wisdom of the ages guide my path,

As I navigate the intricate tapestry of life,

Grant me the clarity to perceive the hidden truths,

And the courage to embody them, free from strife.


In humble reverence, I offer this prayer,

To the vastness of the universe, the realm of the Real,

May my journey continue, ever unfolding,

In harmony with the cosmic dance's sacred appeal.


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Constantinos’s quotes

"A "Soul" that out of ignorance keeps making mistakes is like a wounded bird with helpless wings that cannot fly high in the sky."— Constantinos Prokopiou


The Tree of Life, Knowledge, Self-Knowledge

The Tree of Life, Knowledge, Self-Knowledge
The Secret Unlocking of Spiritual Awakening
The Secret Unlocking of Spiritual Awakening

A SYMBOL is not simply what it depicts in a direct view. The "Deciphering" of the Symbol Reveals its Inherent Dynamism, reveals various aspects of the Symbol, various phases, leading to the evolution of Consciousness towards Integral Understanding.
In the TREE OF LIFE where the God-Man is Depicted, there exist (and are revealed to whoever has the "Key") the Various Phases of the Inner Evolution of Consciousness:
1. GODMAN (God-Man)
So it is the Symbol, at the same time, the Understanding of Reality, the Way of Life and the Completion of Being.

 Το Μυστικό Ξεκλείδωμα της Πνευματικής Αφύπνισης

Ένα ΣΥΜΒΟΛΟ δεν είναι απλά αυτό που απεικονίζει σε μια άμεση θέαση. Η «Αποκρυπτογράφηση» του Συμβόλου Αποκαλύπτει τον Ενυπάρχοντα Δυναμισμό του, φανερώνει διάφορες όψεις του Συμβόλου, διάφορες φάσεις, που οδηγούν στην εξέλιξη της Συνείδησης προς την Ολοκληρωτική Κατανόηση.
Στο ΔΕΝΔΡΟ ΤΗΣ ΖΩΗΣ όπου Απεικονίζεται ο Θεός-Άνθρωπος ενυπάρχουν (κι αποκαλύπτονται σε όποιον έχει το «Κλειδί») οι Διάφορες Φάσεις της Εσωτερικής Εξέλιξης της Συνείδησης:
1. GODMAN (Θεός-Άνθρωπος)
2. AWARENESS (Εγρήγορση)
3. ENLIGHTENMENT (Διαφώτιση)
4. AWAKENING (Αφύπνιση)
Αποτελεί λοιπόν το Σύμβολο, ταυτόχρονα, την Κατανόηση της Πραγματικότητας, την Οδό της Ζωής και την Ολοκλήρωση του Όντος.


True Meditation

The Essence of True Meditation: Embracing Stillness in the Present Moment



In our fast-paced and hectic lives, finding moments of stillness and inner peace becomes increasingly important. True meditation offers a gateway to a state of being that transcends mere action or activity. It is a profound experience of absolute stillness and pure presence, where we exist and perceive without being dependent on external stimuli or the content of our thoughts. In this blog post, we will explore the essence of true meditation and how it can bring us closer to a deeper sense of freedom and self-awareness.


The Nature of True Meditation:

1. Beyond Processes and Techniques:

   - True meditation is not a process or technique to be mastered. It is a state of being that is inherent within each of us.

   - It transcends any path or effort, as it is the ultimate end of all internal and external processes.

   - There is no specific way to reach true meditation, as it is already present within us. It is a matter of returning to our natural state of stillness and presence.


2. Absolute Stillness and Pure Presence:

   - True meditation is characterized by a profound stillness that goes beyond the ceaseless chatter of the mind.

   - It is a state where we exist and perceive without being entangled in the constant evaluation and judgment of our thoughts.

   - In this state, we touch the timeless and experience a taste of true freedom.


3. Reconnecting with Essence:

   - By resting in the present moment and releasing the compulsion to interpret, we reconnect with our essence.

   - In this space of pure presence, we tap into a deeper sense of self-awareness and open ourselves to boundless possibilities.

   - True meditation allows us to transcend limitations and experience a state of wakefulness, awareness, and freedom.


Embracing True Meditation in Daily Life:

1. Cultivating Moments of Stillness:

   - Incorporate short meditation breaks throughout your day, even if it's just a few minutes of consciously focusing on your breath or observing your surroundings.

   - Find a quiet and peaceful space where you can retreat to when needed, allowing yourself to reconnect with the stillness within.


2. Letting Go of Judgment:

   - Practice observing your thoughts without attaching judgments or meanings to them.

   - Recognize that perspectives are subjective and that no single thought can fully encapsulate the wholeness of life.


3. Embracing the Present Moment:

   - Shift your focus from dwelling on the past or worrying about the future to fully experiencing the present moment.

   - Engage in activities mindfully, giving your full attention to each action and savoring the richness of the present experience.



True meditation is a journey into stillness and presence, a state of being that transcends the limitations of the thinking mind. By embracing moments of stillness and reconnecting with our essence, we can experience true freedom and self-awareness. Through regular practice and a conscious effort to live in the present moment, we can integrate the essence of true meditation into our daily lives, bringing about a deeper sense of peace and fulfillment.


What is Enlightenment

What do the Wise Men mean by Enlightenment?

How does the Enlightened, Full Perception of Reality differ from what we all normally perceive?

There is a difference? Or are these all fairy tales?

There is a difference. And can someone distinguish it.

1. Enlightened Perception is objective activity. There is a Clear, Unseen Presence. There is no observer, no self. Things are "remote". Everything works by itself. There is complete silence, tranquility.

2. The "Presence" of an Observer, who objectively sees what is happening, without participating, is not Enlightenment, it is Disciplined Enlightenment. It is not a Pure State but slightly adulterated by the "Presence" of the Observer.

3. Most of us humans have a strong presence, a formed ego, a constant flow of thought, feelings and sensations. We strongly distort the perception of reality. We are actually daydreaming. We may have the impression that we are awake, present, mentally active, think that we understand reality, but unfortunately we are inside the thought, inside the dream.

In conclusion, there are gradations in the perception of reality. Most situations are adulterated, with the least or most presence of individuality. The Path to Full Perception is precisely the liberation from all factors that distort our perception




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Δικαιώματα πνευματικής ιδιοκτησίας

Το σύνολο του περιεχομένου του Δικτυακού μας τόπου, συμπεριλαμβανομένων, ενδεικτικά αλλά όχι περιοριστικά, των κειμένων, ειδήσεων, γραφικών, φωτογραφιών, σχεδιαγραμμάτων, απεικονίσεων, παρεχόμενων υπηρεσιών και γενικά κάθε είδους αρχείων, αποτελεί αντικείμενο πνευματικής ιδιοκτησίας (copyright) και διέπεται από τις εθνικές και διεθνείς διατάξεις περί Πνευματικής Ιδιοκτησίας, με εξαίρεση τα ρητώς αναγνωρισμένα δικαιώματα τρίτων.

Συνεπώς, απαγορεύεται ρητά η αναπαραγωγή, αναδημοσίευση, αντιγραφή, αποθήκευση, πώληση, μετάδοση, διανομή, έκδοση, εκτέλεση, «λήψη» (download), μετάφραση, τροποποίηση με οποιονδήποτε τρόπο, τμηματικά η περιληπτικά χωρίς τη ρητή προηγούμενη έγγραφη συναίνεση του Ιδρύματος. Γίνεται γνωστό ότι σε περίπτωση κατά την οποία το Ίδρυμα συναινέσει, ο αιτών υποχρεούται για την ρητή παραπομπή μέσω συνδέσμων (hyperlinks) στο σχετικό περιεχόμενο του Δικτυακού τόπου του Ιδρύματος. Η υποχρέωση αυτή του αιτούντος υφίσταται ακόμα και αν δεν αναγραφεί ρητά στην έγγραφη συναίνεση του Ιδρύματος.

Κατ’ εξαίρεση, επιτρέπεται η μεμονωμένη αποθήκευση και αντιγραφή τμημάτων του περιεχομένου σε απλό προσωπικό υπολογιστή για αυστηρά προσωπική χρήση (ιδιωτική μελέτη ή έρευνα, εκπαιδευτικούς σκοπούς), χωρίς πρόθεση εμπορικής ή άλλης εκμετάλλευσης και πάντα υπό την προϋπόθεση της αναγραφής της πηγής προέλευσής του, χωρίς αυτό να σημαίνει καθ’ οιονδήποτε τρόπο παραχώρηση δικαιωμάτων πνευματικής ιδιοκτησίας.

Επίσης, επιτρέπεται η αναδημοσίευση υλικού για λόγους προβολής των γεγονότων και δραστηριοτήτων του Ιδρύματος, με την προϋπόθεση ότι θα αναφέρεται η πηγή και δεν θα θίγονται δικαιώματα πνευματικής ιδιοκτησίας, δεν θα τροποποιούνται, αλλοιώνονται ή διαγράφονται εμπορικά σήματα.

Ό,τι άλλο περιλαμβάνεται στις ηλεκτρονικές σελίδες του Δικτυακού μας τόπου και αποτελεί κατοχυρωμένα σήματα και προϊόντα πνευματικής ιδιοκτησίας τρίτων ανάγεται στη δική τους σφαίρα ευθύνης και ουδόλως έχει να κάνει με τον Δικτυακό τόπο του Ιδρύματος.